How to start and end an essay

by Rose

In the first paragraph, you should state the topic and/or your opinion, and you may include one or more of the following techniques.

  • Make reference to an unusual or striking idea/scene/situation
  • Address the reader directly and/or ask a rhetorical question.
  • Start with a quotation or thought provoking statement.

In the last paragraph, you should state your opinion and/or give a balanced consideration of the topic, and you may include one or more of the following techniques.

  • Finish with a quotation
  • Ask a rhetorical question
  • Give the reader something to consider

Useful set expressions and phrases for ending an essay

To begin a conclusion:

  • In conclusion,
  • On balance,
  • All things considered,
  • Taking everything into consideration,
  • To conclude,
  • To sum up,
  • All in all,
  • Finally,

If you want to express balanced considerations/opinion indirectly, use one of these:

  • it can (must) be said (claimed...) that...
  • it seems (appears) that...
  • it would seem that...
  • it is likely (possible, unlikely, foreseeable...) that...
  • it is clear (obvious) that...
  • there is no (little) doubt that...
  • the best course of action would be to...
  • it is true to say that...

Examples:

  • All things considered, the obvious conclusion to be drawn is that...
  • To conclude, it can be said that...

If you want to express opinion directly, use one of these:

  • It is my belief (opinion) that...
  • I (firmly) believe (feel, think) that...
  • I am convinced that
  • I am inclined to believe that...

Examples:

  • For the above-mentioned reasons, therefore, I believe that...
  • Taking everything into account, I therefore conclude that...

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